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October 2016
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It appears to be Chelsea that Real Mad have been gunning for on illegal transfers

By Tony Attwood

Just a week ago – on 21 January – I wrote a little piece about the rules surrounding the transfer of children to football clubs.    But what are the rules?

Like most of the articles on Untold that look at the rules and regulations it didn’t get a huge readership, but I wanted to publish it because there are increasing reports from Spain that they do seem to feel that they are being unfairly singled out when it comes to transfer bans because of the transfer of children.

Barcelona were banned from all transfers for a year, you may recall, and protested their innocence all the way to, and after the final appeal with the Court of Arbitration in Sport that we covered (in more depth than most of the media I am proud to say) on Untold.

Since Real Madrid and Atletico Madrid have joined Barcelona in the dock (they have been found guilty and are now in the appeals process) and also face a one year ban, both clubs have been making noises that they will be revealing to Fifa exactly what English club/s do, and demanding that they are investigated in the same way.   Real general manager, José Ángel Sánchez, has repeatedly said that Fifa has initiated disciplinary proceedings against clubs in the Premier League over possible breaches of transfer regulations.

One rumour that has gone around has been that it is Arsenal who they are looking at – but there has also been a strong suspicion that this is just sour grapes because English law is different from Spanish law in regard to 16 and 17 year olds.

The other rumour has been that it is Chelsea who are going to get tied up in this – not least because they have form in this. Chelsea were suspended from signing any new players until 2011 after signing Lens’ Gael Kakuta.   The matter was later settled and the ban was never imposed.

The new problem relates to Bertrand Traoré, the Burkina Faso international who was signed to professional terms by Chelsea on 1 January 2014, when he was 18.  But Chelsea had an “option agreement” and on this basis they played him in some trial games.

Now this is where it gets murky because some sources are saying that he played in an under-18s Premier Academy League game against Arsenal on 23 October 2011, when he was 16.  That game was recorded by Chelsea as a “non-competitive” fixture.  And indeed Getty Images, the photographic agency have their pictures from this game marked as a “friendly”.

There was however a league match a couple of weeks before this at Chelsea’s ground where Arsenal under 18s beat Chelsea.  But Traore was not playing in that game – I think some of the media in their usual sloppy way are getting the two games confused.

There is a video of the league match on line  and the Chelsea team was Mitchell Beeney; Alistair Gordon, Rohan Ince, Daniel Pappoe (c) (Sam Bangura), Aziz Deen-Conteh; Nathan Ake, Amin Affane (Ismail Seremba), Ruben Loftus-Cheek; Reece Mitchell, Alex Kiwomya, Adam Nditii.

So I think the issue of a competitive match being played is not the key point.  It is the argument about the “option agreement” which is a neat way around the rules since it does in fact tie the player to the club – and if he can play in under 18 games, then there is not too much difference in terms of what happens between the “option agreement” and being “signed”.

Chelsea are now arguing that the agreement was registered with, and approved by, both the FA and the Premier League, and that is undoubtedly true, but it is starting to appear that it was the legal terms of the agreement that was rubber stamped by the English authorities, without any reference to the Fifa rules that is the issue. Indeed the agreement appears to say that it is valid subject to Fifa rules being abided by.

So we are back to the questions that were raised in the earlier article.  For players from outside the EU to be transferred into the EU they have to live within 100km of the club already, or they have to have one of the player’s parents or guardians moving to the country for non-footballing reasons.

This, as I have said before, is where it gets difficult, as what some clubs try to do is fix up for a parent to get a low-grade job just nearby just before the player signs.   Fifa has ruled in the past that where that happens it is the date of the intention to sign that is the key – and of course this pre-dates the offering of the job as an office cleaner or whatever.  Clubs do not go around setting up low-grade jobs for parents on the off chance that they might want a transfer from that club one day.

Traoré then moved on to Whitgift School in Croydon – an independent school where Colin Pates works.  He is best known for his days at Chelsea, but he did play for Arsenal between 1990 and 1993, and by chance I did get in touch with him a year or two back to see if he’d be interviewed for the Arsenal History website, but got no reply.

Anyway the matter gets murkier as Traoré went on a pre-season tour with the first team in 2013 and both played and scored, which again seems to be an issue that the Spanish clubs are raising.  Not a competitive game, but a game that makes the different between signing a player and a pre-signing agreement very slim. Since then Traoré has been on loan at Vitesse Arnhem.

The Press Association have quoted a Fifa spokesperson as saying, “We are not in a position to comment on any investigations that are ongoing so as not to compromise the process, nor do we provide any comments as to whether or not any investigations are under way.”

Chelsea have said,”Bertrand Traore was registered by Chelsea FC in January 2014 in compliance with FA and Premier League Rules.   Prior to that date, he was party to an option agreement which enabled the club to acquire his registration in January 2014.   The option agreement was registered with, and approved by, both The FA and the Premier League.”

Noticeably no mention of Fifa rules in there, and while I am hardly the world’s expert on Fifa rules, I can’t find anything in the Fifa rules that distinguishes between an “option agreement” and “signing”.  In one sense they are different types of contract, but in another, the “option agreement” player is not treated in any different position from where he would be if the player was signed at an age when there is no likelihood of him playing for the club.

The latest news is that Hamburg want to take Traoré on loan before the transfer window shuts which could add further complications to the issue.

And it all comes at an interesting time for Chelsea.   They were fined £65,000 and West Bromwich Albion £35,000 by the FA “after failing to ensure their players conducted themselves in an orderly fashion” during the match on January 13.

Guus Hiddink said Yacob should have been dismissed in the game and reported to the press that he expressed his dissatisfaction to fourth official Jon Moss concerning the referee Anthony Taylor.

“I told him: ‘This is one of the worst referees of the Premier League I have experienced’,” said Hiddink.

“He said to me ‘you haven’t seen me yet’, which was a beautiful remark I think.”

Well, well.


Two anniversaries

  • 27 January 2001.  QPR 0 Arsenal 6 (FA Cup round 4).  Wiltord scored two goals, and there were two own goals.  Pires and Bergkamp got one each en route to the final.
  • 27 January 2002: Arsenal 1 Liverpool 0 (FA Cup 4) en route to the 3rd Double.  Having beaten Watford in the third round Arsenal saw off Liverpool in the fourth with a goal from Bergkamp in 27 minutes.

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6 comments to It appears to be Chelsea that Real Mad have been gunning for on illegal transfers

  • WalterBroeckx

    Hiddink was right with his remark about Taylor. Guus lees je ook Untold? 😉

    And the funny/stupid thing is that this guy Traore will never really get a chance at Chelsea and will be sold in a few years time. Imagine having a transfer ban for a player that never made the first team…

  • Pete

    A friend of mine who provides services to Chelsea described their treatment of young players as “brutal” (as in when they discard them). She also has relationships with Arsenal (“not great”) and the Totts (“probably the best”) – and others.

  • Tai

    Great Read Tony.

    I suppose this rule of 100km or parent living in the country is the issue still holding back the Nigerian U-17 duo of Kelechi Nwakali and Samuel Chukwueze from joining Arsenal.

    Kelechi’s immediate elder brother, Chidiebere is already with Man City…if the rule was obeyed, was any of the parents moved to work in England to facilitate the transfer to City? If so, will that one parent serve for Kelechi too?

    Is finding Chukwueze’s own parent the real issue holding the deals?

    I heard Kelechi on local radio here in Nigeria saying that he is Arsenal-bound and he is so happy because he worked really hard to land this opportunity with the club of his dreams.

    What could really be still holding the deals? I’m worried because Kelechi is a fantastic player – a midfielder, tireless workaholic, great vision, neat dribbles, great free-kick taker and admirable captain…he wouldn’t have won the MVP of last U-17 FIFA World Cup if he wasn’t the best of the lot. Chukwueze is a bag of skills…the best dribbler in the team, which is saying plenty. Left-footed goalscorer but operates from the right just like Campbell.

  • Andrew Crawshaw

    As I see it unless there is a parent (or close relative already in this country willing to act as guardian) for each child and living close to Arsenal there is no chance of these transfers occurring before their 18th birthday.

    There is a further complication with the ‘home grown’ player rules which require at least three years at an English or Welsh club before the player turns 21. In other words we would need to sign the players before their 18th birthday.

    I have big doubts that we would sign players at age18 if there is no chance of them ever being counted as home grown. They would have to be truly World Class before the benefits would outweigh the risks and costs in training up and accommodating players until they mature sufficiently to make it into the first team.

  • Tai


    Thanks for further clarification. My question – would a club like Arsenal, who know all about the rules stir up the Nigerian kids just for the fun of it? I very much doubt as one of the kids that dazzled the world in Chile is already in Germany…the record 10-goal scoring Victor Osimehn just joined Wolfsbug.

    If the rules become too stringent, then it means only buying clubs like Man City, Chelsea and Man Utd will get the best players from other countries when they’re already developed while a club like Arsenal will make do with only players of UK origin, who may not truly be of world class potentials or join the already-crazy transfer markets for players at unreasonably exorbitant prices.

  • Andrew Crawshaw

    No I don’t believe that we would stir up anybody for the sake of it. I am also sure that we are looking very seriously at ways to make the signings happen as the two boys certainly have talent and potential.

    I did read that they have both signed with one of the big international agents and suspect that it may well be them raising the stakes.

    If it can happen within the legal framework, both of UK and FIFA then it will. I suspect that it may well take longer than the available time within this transfer window.