How Uefa is being directly challenged by PSG and Qatar, and what might happen next.

 By Tony Attwood

According to the Sun, Paris Saint-Germain and Barcelona both call surprise press conference half hour apart as Neymar’s £195m switch to PSG.  Of course the chances are that this is typical Fake News from the Sun, the Express and the other media outlets.   But even so, the huge transfers going through at the moment raise the question, what about the Financial Fair Play aspects of the deal.

FFP: the rule that says that Uefa qualified clubs must not spend more than they earn.  The one that Manchester City supporters told us en masse was about to be thrown out by the European Courts and didn’t apply to them.  That one.

While the transfer rumours about Neymar have been alarming the handful of people left in football who think that football might be rescueable from ultimate financial collapse, PSG, financed by  Oryx Qatar Sports Investments, has steamed ahead quite happily, much as the besieged Qatari state has done as more and more migrant workers have died in the construction of its world cup venues.

As the French newspaper Liberation reminded us in an article yesterday, the objectives of financial fair play, initiated by Michel Platini in 2010 and in force since 2011, are simple: to improve the long-term financial health of teams participating in Uefa competitions.”

And indeed I’m grateful to Liberation, not just because it is my French newspaper of choice, but also because it covers issues of football finance that British papers rarely touch.  (Why don’t they, I wonder!)

Until 2013, FFP was there to ensure that the clubs paid their bills on time and that they did not have “arrears of payment towards other clubs, their players and the social or fiscal administrations”.

Then in 2013, the principle of financial equilibrium came into being consisting of the process of verifying whether a team was spending more than it earned.

However, after a series of initial protests by rich clubs, a margin of 30 million euros was set by Uefa for the seasons 2015-2016, 2016-2017 and 2017-2018.

To keep check on all this the wonderfully named Chamber of Judgment of the UEFA Club Financial Control Authority (ICFC) was set up to administer the fullness of the rule.  For the rule was not just about balancing the books but also about encouraging “responsible investment in the long-term interest of football”, such as equipment, training grounds and stadium improvement work.

Those who don’t meet these requirements however can’t be automatically excluded from the Europa or the Champions League.  Initially, the ICFC has to tell the club off for being naughty, and then if the club still will not realise the error of their ways, it can be sanctioned at that point.

Galatasaray is a case in point.  In March 2016 they were given a two year ban from playing in either major Euro competition because of their finances in 2015-16.   Other possible punishments range from warnings to a ban on recruiting a player for European competitions, and on to the withdrawal of a trophy.  As well as Manchester City, AS Monaco and PSG themselves have been caught out.

Then a relaxation of fair play rules was adopted on 29 June 2015 by Uefa. This allowed a deficit to be exceeded as part of a four-year financial plan and to increase revenue forecasts at which point a club can offer a “settlement agreement”. But to have the right, to do this the club must not have been punished in the last three years.

The objective of the ICFC is to help teams have a stable financial situation and measured like this it seems to be working.  In 2011, before the introduction of this rule, the losses of the European clubs amounted to 1.7 billion euros. By 2014, they were no more than 486 million euros.

But here’s the question: can the PSG recruit Neymar in accordance with this rule?

As we’ve often said, the cost of a new player is amortized over the duration of the contract of the player in question, along with his salary. So to take Neymar as an example…

The transfer fee set by the club is €222 million. Provisional annual salary: €30 million.   So we have a total of €74.4 million per year (€222 million divided by 5 plus the €30 million annual salary).

PSG has also spent €16 million on Yuri Berchiche and brought in €4 million euros with the sale of Youssouf Sabaly and Jean-Kevin Augustin.

Those events put PSG roughly in FFP equilibrium. But it means it is impossible for them to buy Neymar without selling other players in order to balance the accounts and not exceed the €30 million deficit imposed by the ICFC.

But here’s the thing: in 2014, PSG were sanctioned by the ICFC in relation to the contract signed between PSG and Qatar’s tourism authority, amounting to 200 million euros annually, (half their budget).  And, above all, it allowed PSG to meet the criteria of FFP in terms of deficit.

This sanction ended on 21 April but now (according to Marcelo Bechler, a journalist with the Brazilian channel Esporte Interativo), PSG has developed a way to bypass the rules of fair play.

It goes like this: the owners of PSG (Oryx Qatar Sports Investments as I mentioned), buys the ownership of the images of the player for the 2022 World Cup in Qatar, for €222 million euros  and pays that to the company that manages the image rights of Neymar, who then use this money to pay for the transfer.

PSG thus don’t have to pay for the transfer nor the annual salary around 30 million euros over five years. The club owners do it through a separate company.

But UEFA’s rules also outlaw activities whose sole purpose is to get around the rules.  This is commonplace: Revenue and Customs in the UK have exactly this rule and have applied it against media stars who have been known to play this type of game, some of whom have faced enormous bills.  Jimmy Carr, members of Take That, Chris Moyles, the list goes on and on…

So what happens now?  It is up to Uefa if it wants to take on PSG.  If not, FFP is over.  If they do, PSG is in trouble.  Here’s how the table looked at the end of last season.

Pos Team Pld W D L F A GD Pts
1 Monaco 38 30 5 3 107 31 +76 95
2 Paris Saint-Germain 38 27 6 5 83 27 +56 87
3 Nice 38 22 12 4 63 36 +27 78
4 Lyon 38 21 4 13 77 48 +29 67
5 Marseille 38 17 11 10 57 41 +16 62
6 Bordeaux 38 15 14 9 53 43 +10 59


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9 Replies to “How Uefa is being directly challenged by PSG and Qatar, and what might happen next.”

  1. Interesting article.

    I am not sure I understand how PSG intent to use another company to pay as FIFA rules state:

    1. No club shall enter into a contract which enables any other party to that contract or any third party to acquire the ability to influence in employment and transfer-related matters its independence, its policies or the performance of its teams.


  2. Reading the article, it sure looks to me that if UEFA do not intervene, next year we’ll then have all clubs using this trick to circumvent FFP, it not this season alreday as there are still a few weeks to go.

    I have a hard time imagining that all the high end lawyers these actors pay are acting stupid and have not found a loophole somewhere. On the other hand, we’ve seem where hubris leads people, so maybe they have not relly thought it out. Or UEFA has given the green light and will slap them with a 10 million fine pretending to act.

    Maybe the future Arsenal line-up will then be renamed :

    Laurent ‘Dior’ Koczielny
    Mezut ‘Turkish Airlines’ Ozil
    Aaron ‘Johnny Walker’ Ramsey
    Alexis ‘Emirates’ Sanchez

    depending on the sponsor who picked up the tab…..?

  3. Mike T, ah rules…… aren’t they made to be broken/forgotten/bend/….. Whatever it takes for the rich ones to get their way…?
    And PSG sure looks to be one of the rich to me…..

  4. The most interesting quotes on this subject are coming from, of all people, Daniel Levy of Spurs. Words like ‘sustainability’ and ‘custodianship’ never passed his lips before the realities of paying for a new stadium hit home. These were words only used by Arsenal (in particular by Arsene Wenger) and they were roundly mocked by all and sundry. According to Wenger’s critics they were excuses for a lack of ambition and a misplaced reliance on FFP to hobble others on Arsenal’s behalf.
    Strangely they follow an article in last Sunday’s Observer, written by a self-confessed Spurs-supporting journalist, who points out that of the last dozen ‘big money’ transfers that Spurs have made eight have been failures and by and large, contrary to his own PR, Levy has spent money in the market very poorly for a number of years.
    Investing in their academy and in a new stadium is something new to Spurs and one cannot deny that they have done well (the journalist implies struck lucky) to finally decide to copy Arsenal and to learn from their experience.
    What is different about each clubs experience of dealing with debt and the requirements of FFP is the timing of it and the competitive situation that they find themselves in.
    Qualifying for the Champions League (and benefiting from all the revenue that flows therefrom) is far easier in France or Spain than it is in England where it is far less predictable and therefore far riskier. On League position alone two clubs with far greater revenues than Spurs failed to qualify for this new season.
    Real Madrid or PSG, whether or not they get round the rules in their own ways, have far stronger guarantees of future revenue streams than do the likes of Spurs or Arsenal for that matter and the adoption of sustainability via home grown talent (even if it has to be sold later on) is the only way forward for any club without sugar-daddy financing.

  5. Hi Walter

    How’s you.

    I must admit I can’t quite see how the work around would work however for me a far simplier work around would be to use the player loan rule.

    Let me explain.

    First all you need is to find a club that doesn’t give a stuff about FFP and you deposit by way of an interest free loan say £300 million into that clubs bank accounts. In reality that could be a non league club where below the National league level is not subject to any sort of FFP
    Next that club activates the players mega buy out clause and offers him say a 5 year deal. All the ducks are in a row and the player is legitimately registered with an affiliated football club who through their accounts fund the transfer and through the pay roll pay the player.
    The last bit is that a long term player loan is agreed bear in mind that there is no set sum a club has to charge another club that takes one of their players on loan

  6. With this Uefa FFP in place and being enforced, and if it is not deliberately circumvented by the Uefa enforcers so as to allow Neymar purported transfer from Barcelona to PSG go through, then the possibility of seeing that mammoth Neymar transfer to PSG go through this summer will look by the day hard to materialized. But didn’t PSG know this FFP is in place and in force before they dabbled into this Neymar transfer business? Of course they should know. And if they did and are still pursuing the transfer, then they must have something up their sleeves that’s making them very confident to pursue the transfer irrespective of whether FFP is there or not. Let’s wait to see what will happen if it’s true PSG want to sign Neymar this summer and it’s not a fake media transfer rumour of this century so far. But if it’s turned out to be true that PSG want to sign Neymar this summer, I wish them good luck to pursue the transfer to a successful conclusion.

    But what of our own dear Arsenal pursuance of Thomas Lemar transfer case from AS Monaco to us this summer? What it is that has delayed the actualisation of the transfer since Arsenal were reported in the media to have submitted a 2nd bid to Monaco for Lemar’s signature, but they rejected the bid? More money will be needed before the guy transfer to us can be actualised? Well, let Le Prof do something positive on this Lemar transfer case to us this summer and actulise the transfer with no more delays encountered to stop keeping us in suspense.

  7. Until it’s confirmed that PSG are actually buying a player (whoever that may be) for such an enormous fee, this is all guessing.

  8. SamuelAA, please stop quoting rumours as though they were fact.
    We have no idea what is happening with our possible interest in Lemar, and the media is in exactly the same position.
    So you repeating these rumours just adds to the ‘fake news’.

  9. In other news, UEFA VP Angel Maria Villar has resigned after being arrested on suspicion of corruption.

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